Can you give us the Youth Council and its role in Belgium?
The Youth Council is the official organ of representation of 400,000 of the Wallonia-Brussels Federation youth aged 16 to 30 years.
We defend the youth, carry his voice to policy, I’m spontaneous opinions or on application of the policy to impact directly on political decisions involving youth.
In France, medical studies go through a highly selective competition which sees 85% of applicants fail.
What is the selection principle adopted in Belgium?
In Belgium, health care is a federal jurisdiction.
A limitation of numbers INAMI, numbers for the reimbursement of the patient care, is installed since 1997 at the end of the course.
Facing these quotas, communities, who have supported higher education, were invited to establish a selection system in higher education, to avoid supernumeraries at the end of the course.
Flanders has established an entrance examination, while the French community first established a selection at the end of the first three years, then a selection at the end of the first year and finally, now, a selection in January of the first year.
The problem is that, both in Flanders that French community, selection systems missed too many students compared to the NIHDI quotas available at the end of the course.
How many places are offered each year and how many candidates come?
1 230 places are available each year for about 1 400 candidates for the Belgium.
The problem is that this number is growing every year.
At present, all students are able to receive an INAMI number because it was dug in the quotas for subsequent years.
Now, the situation is much more complicated because there are none of the subsequent years or in any case too little numbers INAMI for all students.
What is the form adopted for assessments (predominantly type MCQ for contest PACES in France)?
It depends on the Faculty of medicine, and it also depends on the year of study: in the first years where there are many students, there are a lot of reviews written with either open or quizzes, either real or false questions.
In the past years where clinical skills are evaluated after the internship, it is essentially an oral examination.
Nothing is standardized between the faculties of medicine, both in terms of assessments throughout medical school, in terms of the access to the speciality contest.
Are studies of medicines expensive in Belgium?
As everywhere! The price of the syllabus can mount up to €250 per year, medical equipment is very expensive, the registration fee is set at €830, and that’s not counting housing and food.
Can you describe the format of lessons (proportion theoretical courses, practical courses…)?
Yet once again, nothing is standardized between faculties.
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Generally, the first three correspond to the theoretical basic teachings.
This implies courses in Physiology, Anatomy, basic science, biochemistry, semiology and histology.
In the 3rd year, there are already courses of specialties such as cardiology, Pulmonology, and some ethics and epidemiology.
Then, with regard to the last three years, it are characterized by teaching courses specialty, and an intensive internship practice.
This is done in a gradual way, for example, the last year consists of 12 months of internship.
At the end of the six years of medicine in most faculties, there is a work of end of studies to be performed.
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What is the duration of studies for a generalist in Belgium? And for an orthopedic surgeon for example?
Six years of medicine + 3 years of specialty at the contact of the patient, but always under supervision of a specialist.
For other specialties, it varies between four and six years. Most in five years.
Are all students some of exercising in Belgium after their degree?
What can be done with a Belgian diploma without number IMAMI? Search for a job outside Belgium?
No! Many students currently have no guarantee with respect to obtaining of an INAMI number.
Unnumbered INAMI, they will be able to do medical research, operating assistance or education.
Without an INAMI number, they receive an INAMI number called “000” allowing that to prescribe drugs.
It does not however to perform additional testing requirements.
They can also go abroad with their medical degree, but the departure abroad in order to find a place of specialty training is extremely difficult given selection systems that characterize the countries of the European union.
There is an equivalence of qualifications between the France and the Belgium?
Yes. Many medical practitioners, who have completed their specialty in Belgium, leave in France, given the exciting offers that the France offers the Belgians for regions suffering from shortage of doctors.
For example, you may be offered a home in the province with swimming pool, mobility vehicle, etc. to come perform in a deficient region.
Specialists leave also to issues of attractiveness.
That, as for Kinesitherapeuthe or veterinary studies, French students follow the Belgian curriculum to become a doctor?
What is the extent of the phenomenon?
Are there quotas for students who are not Belgian?
Yes, there is non-resident at the entrance quotas, which were introduced just two years ago.
In other words, each year, only 30% of French and other non-residents can enroll in our faculties. The 30% figure is calculated in relation to entries of the previous year.
One last word to our readers?
Like a small Gallic village at the time of Jules César, the Belgians still have this peculiarity to resist different selection systems.
It is with this energy, this dynamic of resistance, we are trying to strive for an increase in quotas INAMI.
It is thanks to this energy, we have managed to blow up two systems of selection in the federation Wallonie Bruxelles.
Indeed, as in France, there is a medical shortage in Belgium which creates queues impacting negatively on health care costs, and which directly affects the citizen.
We, future doctors, or doctors in training (internal), are ready to fight for a quality health care system and accessible to all!
The Council of youth in a few words
The Council of youth in a few words
This is the official organ of opinion and spokesperson for francophone youth in Belgium. Its role is to engage young people (16-30 years) in the democratic process, including in collecting their word on a series of issues that directly affect or indirectly political youth to then the relay to the world. The Youth Council defends the interests of young people and the national and international representeau.
The main tool of the Youth Council to make heard the voices of youth, is the issuance of official notice. It then ensures that these proposals are followed by concrete measures to improve the lives of young people. Certainly, the CJ has no decision-making power, but he has a real role of lobby pressure decision-makers of our country.
The Youth Council, is somewhat hair-to-scratch fasting among parliamentarians and Ministers. The Youth Council has achieved many ‘political wins’ to ensure the empowerment of young people in our society: discontinuation of security measures targeted on young people (mosquito, curfew, bootcamp, etc.); the representation of young people in international summits (UN, COP, EU…); the limitation of discriminatory measures for youth employment and unemployment; the introduction of emotional and sexual life in school courses; the integration of education program to the media on the RTBF antennas; etc. etc. etc.
The Youth Council is therefore both to listen to the concerns of young people and their participation in civic life, but also to build a collective voice to bring the voices of youth.